The authorities are discussing the possibility of issuing QR codes to unofficially ill people with antibodies to COVID. The decision may be made soon, RBC sources say. This would be fair, says academician Alexander Gunzburg
The authorities are discussing the possibility of issuing QR codes to people with antibodies to coronavirus, but who are not officially registered with the illness, two sources close to the relevant departments told RBC. The government is currently 'working on it' a question, said one of the interlocutors of RBC. The decision could be announced soon, and it will be “ formalized '', he said. How and when exactly this will be done, the RBC source declined to say, explaining that the details continue to be discussed.
The World Health Organization currently does not provide estimates of what level of antibodies is sufficient to be protected from COVID-19. Melita Vujnovich, WHO Representative in Russia, has repeatedly explained that the presence of antibodies in humans will not be an obstacle to vaccination.
If a decision is made to issue QR codes based on the level of antibodies, then not only those who have been ill without an official doctor's diagnosis, but also those who have been vaccinated with foreign vaccines will be able to apply for such a code, says another source of RBC.
According to the words one of the sources, supporters of a positive “ verdict '' Representatives of the Russian elite are also involved in issuing QR codes to people with antibodies, since many were revaccinated with Western vaccines, which are not yet recognized in Russia.
In a conversation with RBC, the director of the National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology named after N.F. Gamalei Alexander Gunzburg said that it is fair to give the QR code to those people who have a sufficient level of antibodies to protect themselves from the virus, and how they got it, as a result of vaccination or after being ill, is “ their own business. '' The line between those who have been ill, of which there are many, and those vaccinated [in this regard], in principle, should be erased, '', & mdash; he told RBC.
When asked by RBC about how the threshold level of antibodies will be determined, one of the sources recalled that earlier Academician Gintsburg and his deputy at the Gamaleya Institute Denis Logunov had expressed their opinion on this topic.
Earlier, Ginzburg stated that an antibody level of 300 Bau fully protects against the delta strain of coronavirus. This conclusion was made in the center after a study was carried out jointly with the Moscow Department of Health, in which 4 thousand citizens participated. Gunzburg explained that people with this level of antibodies, or with a level exceeding the value of 300, “ can practically not be limited. '' Otherwise, he recommended being vaccinated with Sputnik Light.
His deputy Denis Logunov, answering a question from journalists about how many antibodies can be considered sufficient protection against coronavirus, said that a level of 200-300 Bau can provide a significant level of protection. At the same time, he noted that today there is no fixed level of antibodies that could be guaranteed to protect against infection. So, according to him, there are cases of infection “ on thousands and tens of thousands of Bau. ''
On Tuesday, November 23, Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin promised to consider a proposal to issue QR codes to citizens who have antibodies, but who are not officially ill. So he answered the request of the Governor of the Amur Region Vasily Orlov during a meeting of the Presidium of the Coordination Council for the fight against coronavirus. “ It seems to me that it would be right at the federal level to develop such a procedure for citizens who have been ill, but at the same time have not been treated in hospitals and, accordingly, are not vaccinated, so that through 'State services' these citizens could also receive a QR code & raquo;, & mdash; said Orlov.
According to the governor, “ this would significantly reduce the public negativity, public outcry on the topic of vaccination, including unloading the healthcare system and saving the budget funds that we are allocating for vaccination today. '' “ We will think over these proposals '', & mdash; Mishustin promised.
On November 17, the head of Rospotrebnadzor Anna Popova announced the discussion of the issue of issuing QR codes to people with antibodies. “ On antibodies, the issue is significant, it is being discussed today at the government's platform. There is such a task, there is nothing to argue with here, you need to find the most optimal and acceptable solution to it, '', & mdash; Popova said, adding that the decision will be announced after it has been worked out from all sides.
A few hours later, the press service of Rospotrebnadzor released a message, which clarified that Popova, answering the question about assigning QR codes to people with antibodies, but not having official confirmation of the transferred disease, spoke about the discussion of this topic by the department at the expert level. The level of antibodies sufficient for protection, & mdash; this is the subject of scientific discussions in the world, and in no country documents on the immune status are issued based on the measurement of the level of antibodies, the message emphasized.
A possible decision to introduce QR codes based on the level of antibodies will be rational if the authorities really want to understand which of the Russians are immune to coronavirus, says Gleb Kuznetsov, head of the expert council of the Expert Institute for Social Research (EISI). But the question is, what level of antibodies will be considered protective, the expert continues. If the number turns out to be too high, then the introduction of such QR codes will become a cut-off measure, preventing many “ unofficially ill '' get the code, he thinks. The expert cites Italy as an example, where a study was carried out for the presence of immunity in those who had been ill in the first wave of & mdash; and all participants retained their immunity to varying degrees.
In any case, there should be a scientific discussion about the protective level of antibodies, based on which a consensus decision would have been reached, the expert is sure.
To date, in only one region in Russia, in Chuvashia, citizens with a high titer of antibodies to COVID-19 can receive a QR code, even if they were not officially ill. As the head of the region, Oleg Nikolaev, explained, those who had had a high title could not visit public places without a QR code, thus their rights could be violated. The regional authorities announced the creation of a register of residents with high titers of antibodies, a medical commission of accredited laboratories must determine the duration of the antibodies of those who have recovered. According to the regional authorities, such QR codes will operate only on the territory of the republic and will not be displayed on the portal of state services.
Commissions for issuing certificates on the presence of antibodies to coronavirus began to work in Kamchatka on November 23. Such certificates will replace the QR code for people who have had COVID-19, but did not go to the hospital.
RBC sent a request to the Ministry of Health. The federal headquarters did not comment on the possibility of issuing QR codes to people who have had a mild coronavirus, but not vaccinated.
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