Ursula von der Leyen (on screen)
Ukraine has made enough efforts to provide itself with an “expressive European perspective”, said the head of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen, speaking to the deputies of the Ukrainian parliament, the transcript of her speech is published on portal of the Verkhovna Rada.
“You have earned the approval and respect of all countries — members of the European Union. This is an extraordinary sign of trust. Ukraine now has a full expressive European perspective, — said the politician.
Five months ago, it seemed “inconceivable,” she said, but now Ukraine has become a candidate for EU membership. Von der Leyen called this decision historic and said that Ukraine has been moving towards it since the events on the Maidan in 2014.
Ukraine became a candidate for EU membership on June 23, when the corresponding decision was made by the EU summit. The country has been trying to achieve this for many years, and the events on the Maidan prompted the decision of then-president Viktor Yanukovych to postpone the signing of an association agreement with the EU. As a result, spontaneous rallies began in Kyiv, and a political crisis arose in Ukraine itself.
As a result, the government changed in the country, independent Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics (DPR and LPR) were proclaimed in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions, and an armed conflict began in eastern Ukraine. In Crimea, against the backdrop of what is happening, a referendum was held on the annexation of the peninsula to Russia. Western countries did not recognize its results and began to impose sanctions against Moscow.
In 2019, the Ukrainian parliament approved amendments to the country's Constitution, according to which accession to the EU and NATO became the main direction of Ukraine's foreign policy.
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President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky, after granting the country the status of a candidate, thanked the participants of the summit and said that Kyiv had achieved a victory that “had been waiting for 30 years.” The Kremlin called Ukraine the status of “internal affair” EU, and the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Sergei Lavrov, considered that he did not pose a threat to Russia. He stressed that Moscow is calm about the development of EU relations with other countries, since the latter, unlike NATO, is not a military bloc.
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